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「709大抓捕三周年」暨「中国人权律师日」之全球联署声明

709大抓捕三周年」暨「中国人权律师日」之全球联署声明

 

201879日是中国政府针对维权律师及相关人士开展大规模拘捕、约谈、失踪等打压行动(“709大抓捕”)三周年的日子,亦是民间设立的第二届「中国人权律师日」。在过去一年里,我们见证了中国政府对维权律师持续不断的打压,以及以依法治国之名对公民社会实行的各种违法违宪之逼害。对此,我们表示强烈谴责,并要求立即无条件释放所有在709大抓捕中被囚的维权律师及相关人士,无条件撤销对维权律师做出的吊销、注销执照的行政惩戒,停止对维权律师群体的一切管控和打压。

 

2017年的中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会(「十九大」)之后,中国进入一个新时代。那是习近平的社会主义新时代,也是中国进入极权、习近平个人权力走向顶峰的新时代。中国当局更磨刀霍霍,不惜修改宪法巩固权力,并颁布恶法严控公民社会,利用更彻底、更虚伪的手法打击维权运动。三年以降,公民社会监察政府的能力都随之大减。中国维权律师作为政府眼中的「新黑五类」之首,必然首当其冲受压逼。

 

一年来709案相关律师概况

「中国人权律师日」正是为回应这个时代而诞生,它既是肯定中国人权律师的勇气和信念,也是向世界表达人权律师不屈服于强权的意志。第二年的「中国人权律师日」依然关注709大抓捕及其延续打压的情况,709至今仍未完结。这年来,不少人都相继判刑,亦有709受害人仍被羁押。譬如,江天勇联合709家属为被捕律师维权,被控煽动颠覆国家政权罪而判囚两年;吴淦积极参与公民行动、批评司法制度,更在刑事上诉状中直指人民有权颠覆独裁政权,被控颠覆国家政权罪而判囚七年;谢阳被控煽动颠覆国家政权罪,羁押期间受尽殴打、老虎凳、疲劳审讯等酷刑折磨;王全璋自20157月以来被失踪逾千日,至今三年一直不予会见​​家属及家属聘请的律师;曾为王全璋辩护律师的余文生,在十九大期间发信要求罢免习近平,并立即修改中国宪法,至今已被羁押五个月,被控煽动颠覆国家政权罪及妨害公务罪;锋锐律师事务所的主任周世锋被控颠覆国家政权罪而判囚七年;长年活跃于公民运动的胡石根长老与周世锋同期被控颠覆国家政权罪而判囚七年六个月,至今身体状况转差;王宇辩护律师李昱函被羁押超过八个月,被控寻衅滋事及诈骗罪,现在身患多种病患要靠每天服用十几种药物治疗;还有尹旭安及王芳因为声援709律师,被控寻衅滋事罪而分别判囚三年六个月及三年。709大抓捕至今受影响人数不少于321人,被行政处罚报复、被株连者更不计其数。再加上过往审讯过程中屡被揭发使用如非公开审判、以酷刑严刑逼供等手段,中国政府对维权律师施加的压逼,都严重违反中国宪法、刑事诉讼法及国际公约。

 

709延续——以行政惩戒为名的打压

打压接踵而至,悬在维权律师头上的刀刃挥之不去,如今连法律——律师唯一的武器,都越来越沦为替政权打压涂脂抹粉的工具。2016年修订的《律师事务所管理办法》及《律师执业管理办法》出台后,司法部便借此对律师实行行政惩戒。十九大至今,已经有16名维权律师及3间律师事务所收到吊销及注销执业证的通知,当中过半数都是与709案件关系密切者。其中,更有司法部强逼律所解散,还有向律所施压要求解雇律师的事情发生。同时间,年检制度进一步令律师受压,无论是律师代理的案件类别或是律师网上的公开言论,都成为年检审查的项目之一,使律师们的执业行为和非执业行为均受到监视。中国政府扭尽六壬,采取吊销及注销执业证这种更隐藏的手段,目的只为减少外界的反扑,并且更为彻底地消灭维权律师群体。中国政府要直接掌握维权律师的经济生活,一方面威胁他们的生计,另一方面缩小律师群体的规模,令人权案件更难找到律师代理。维权律师在维权运动中担当关键角色,吊销、注销执业证的新趋势将影响维权运动的存续。

 

诉求

我们注意到,中国政府「依法治国」的核心就是把打压手段制度化、合法化。对于中国政府无日无之的打压,以及一切违法违宪制度之逼害,我们都予以强烈谴责。对此,我们要求中国政府:

1. 立即释放所有709大抓捕中被囚的维权律师及维权人士,撤销有罪判决,还人权捍卫者公道;

2. 交代王全璋、余文生、李昱函的人身状况,保障合法诉讼权利,并立即无条件释放;

3. 立即无条件撤销对受影响律师作出的各吊销、注销执照及其他惩戒的各项决定;

4. 停止对维权律师群体的一切管控和打压,确保律师不会因其代理的案件或发表的言论受到恫吓、妨碍、不适当的干涉,或者起诉和行政制裁。

 

维权运动的希望

纵然强权看似无坚不摧,但正因为三年来维权律师群体迅速膨胀,捍卫人权的力量逐渐成形,独裁者才以709大抓捕来回应。有赖国际社会的积极回应、维权律师的新秀后浪,都逼使中国政府承受巨大舆论压力。而且,它令家属都纷纷走上前线,王全璋妻子李文足数十次到司法部门抗议,徒步到天津千里寻夫、余文生妻子许艳用尽法律途径为丈夫维权,令维权运动得以持续。纵使政权黑手遮天蔽日,不过只要还有人坚持公义,心怀不屈的意志,就能在黑暗中亮起一点光。

 

2018年7月9日

 

發起團體:

中國維權律師關注組China Human Rights Lawyers Concern Group

臺灣聲援中國人權律師網絡Taiwan Support China Human Rights Lawyers Network

 

聯署團體:

香港
Asia Monitor Resource Centre 亞洲專訊資料研究中心
Borderless Movement 無國界社運
Community March 社區前進
Civic Party 公民黨
Demosisto 香港眾志
Global Monitor 全球化監察
Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China 香港市民支援愛國民主運動聯合會
Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions 香港職工會聯盟
Justice and Peace Commission of HK Catholic Diocese 香港天主教正義和平委員會
Labour Education and Service Network 勞工教育及服務網絡
Labour Party HK 工黨
League of Social Democrats 社會民主連線
Left 21 左翼廿一
New School for Democracy 華人民主書院
Progressive Lawyers Group 法政匯思
Student Fight for Democracy 大專政改關注組
The Democratic Party 民主黨

台灣
Association for Taiwan Indigenous Peoples' Policies 台灣原住民族政策協會
Awakening Foundation 婦女新知基金會
Covenants Watch 人權公約施行監督聯盟
Economic Democracy Union 經濟民主連合
Environmental Jurists Association 環境法律人協會
Green Citizens' Action Alliance 綠色公民行動聯盟
Green Party Taiwan 綠黨
God Knows Café 天曉得咖啡
Human Rights Network for Tibet and Taiwan 西藏台灣人權連線
Judicial Reform Foundation 民間司法改革基金會
New Power Party 時代力量
Nylon Cheng Liberty Foundation 鄭南榕基金會
Parliamentary Cross-party Group on International Human Rights 台灣立法院跨黨派國際人權促進會
Prison Watch 監所關注小組
Taipei Bar Association 台北律師公會
Taiwan Alliance to End Death Penalty 台灣廢除死刑推動聯盟
Taiwan Alliance to Promote Civil Partnership Rights 社團法人台灣伴侶權益推動聯盟
Taiwan Association for Human Rights 台灣人權促進會
Taiwan Association of University Professors 台灣教授協會
Taiwan Friends for Tibet 台灣圖博之友會
Taiwan Friends of Uyghur 台灣維吾爾之友會
Taiwan Forever Association 台灣永社
Taiwan Health Rights Initiative 臺灣健康人權行動協會
Taiwan Innocence Project 台灣寃獄平反協會
Taiwan International Medical Alliance 台灣國際醫學聯盟
Taiwan Labor and Social Policy Research Association 臺灣勞動與社會政策研究協會
Taiwan Labor Front 台灣勞工陣線
Taiwan Occupational Safety and Health Link 臺灣職業安全健康連線
Taiwan Students for a Democratic China 台灣學生促進中國民主化工作會
Taiwan Students for a Free Tibet 臺灣自由圖博學會
Taiwan Youth Anti-Communist Corps 台灣青年反共救國團
The Chen Wen-chen Memorial Foundation 陳文成博士紀念基金會
Thinkers’ Corner 想想人文空間
Voicettank of Taiwan Thinktank 台灣智庫《思想坦克》
Wild at Heart Legal Defense Association, Taiwan 台灣蠻野心足生態協會
Youth Synergy 青平台

日本
Human Rights Now

荷蘭
Lawyers For Lawyers 律師助律師基金會

美國
Human Rights In China 中國人權

 

其他國際團體

Chinese PEN Center in Exile 獨立中文作家筆會

 

個人聯署:

Stuart Russell, Co-director of International Association of People's Lawyers Monitoring Committee, France  國際人民律師協會監督委員會聯席主任, 法國

Pils, Eva, Reader in Transnational Law Dickson Poon School of Law, King’s College London

Szu-Jung Liu, Chair of the Human Rights Committee, Taiwan Bar Association 劉思龍律師,中華民國律師公會全國聯合會人權保護委員會主任委員

Alvin Yeung, Hong Kong Legislative Councilor 楊岳橋,香港立法會議員

Charles Peter Mok, Hong Kong Legislative Councilor 莫乃光,香港立法會議員

Claudia Mo, Hong Kong Legislative Councilor 毛孟靜,香港立法會議員

Dennis Kwok, Hong Kong Legislative Councilor 郭榮鏗,香港立法會議員

Jeremy Tam, Hong Kong Legislative Councilor 譚文豪,香港立法會議員

Kwok Ka Ki, Hong Kong Legislative Councilor 郭家麒,香港立法會議員

Tanya Chan, Hong Kong Legislative Councilor 陳淑莊,香港立法會議員

Au Nok-hin, Hong Kong Legislative Councilor 區諾軒,香港立法會議員

Lee Cheuk Yan, former Legislative Councilor in Hong Kong 李卓人,前香港立法會議員

Alan Leong, former Chairman of the Hong Kong Bar Association & former Legislative Councilor in Hong Kong  梁家傑,前大律師公會主席及前香港立法會議員

Arthur Cheung

Yin Lock

Venus Cheng

Kam Yuen Tsoi

Joshua Wong

Winnie Kwok

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CW Liu

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Zhifeng Lei

Tommy Lee

Jimmy Chan

Stanley Luk

Chi Ming Paul Chung

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Jacika Walker

Bosco Leung

Lam Candice

Leung On Na

Wu Kai

Suen Wang Tat

Lok

Wing Yi Ngai

Molly Fung

Dickson Lee

林衍成(Lam In Seng)

Cyrus So

Louisa Chow

Lulu Ash

Lam Ling

William Ki

Rachya Thapa

Vi Tran

Chun Yan Ho

Kwok Kuen Chan

Stephen Char

Andrew Lo

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Emily Lau

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Alfred Yeung

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You Kwan So

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Cyd Ho

Alexander Taptsov

Richard Tsoi

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羅沃啟

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Mei

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Siriphorn Chaiphet

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Chu Maggie

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Chiwai Wong

Andy K S To To

Cheuk Ming Li

Senia Ng

施宙辰

Lee Lai

Kin Yuen Ip

Tinchi Pun

Judy Kwok

Phyllis Luk

Sylvia Mah

Michael Ho

J Patterson

Rebecca Po

Litwin Cheng

Ocean Fung

Yung Wai Hin

Philip Dykes

Shu-ying Chan

MC Cheung

Chan Man Tak

Theresa Chu

Wilson Leung

King Wong

Benny Mok

Au Yeung Yin Chun

Lucille Mok

Chan King Tang

Alan Lo

Karen C

Wai Kwan Chu

Henry Chan

Ivy Li

Albert Chan

Yeung Yu Him

Kim Man

Christopher Ptaszynski-Neophytou

Lilian Lo

Candice Lo

Rose Wu

Katy Wong

Alan Leung

Alan Leung

Virginia Yau

PlaySandcwm Vanesaa

Gery Warner, Peng

Maxis Yau

A Mam

Poon Suet Chi

Doris P. C. Ko

Edith Wong

Lo Cheung

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David Ng

Trịnh Hữu Long

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Yunmei Li

Lucia You

Constant Kim

Alfred Li

Jenny Woo

Wendy Chen

Chelsea Chan

Alex Chan

Amy Chan

黃曉柔

Juliet Wu

Man See Ng

Ma Wing Hei

Yuqi Xiao

Ashley Ko

Mei Leung

Manyee Siu

Ho Wai Hin

Nelson Ho

Suetwah Choi

Rena Lau

Becky Fung

Douglas Lam

李婉君

Cham Sze Lo

Paul Lee

Chi Lau

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Kenji Lai

Fredrik Fan

Venessa Chan

Kelly Leung

Tao Chiu Lam

Shui Meng Ng

Ronny Kwong

Florence de Changy

Kwok Ho Lam

Johnny Siu

Chiu Wai Chan

Angie Te

盧敬華

黃嘉輝

Venus Cheng

George Chan

Leung Wing

Venisa Wai

王澄烽

桑普

Ada Lai

Bruce Luz

Elson Tong

岑倚蘭

Esmond Wong

Angela Lee

Rachel Lao

蕭曉華

陳嘯軒

Vera Lung

Katy Siu

Joyce Chan

Joyce Wai

Alli Malone

Amit Bamb

N K. H.

Sheung So

Marisha Bisht

Chen Howard

Kam Yiu Cheng

May Wong

Siu Fai So

Franco Mella

Andrew Wan

Roy Ng

Wu Jun Yen

Chun Wing Lee

Leung Kam Wai

Vincent Yee

姚建清

Wong Ming

Jane Cheung

Terence Halliday

Mei Ling Tsang

Paul Wong

Ching Hin Leung

Andrea Leung

D Pang

Andrew Leung

Leon Kwan

Henry Cao

Ng Lung

Bobbi Lee

Ching Lan Pang

Elaine Wong

Kai Yeung Wong

Ding Chan

Tam Daniel

Tiff Ip

Wing Fei Lo

Miu Kwan

Tai Chung Lam

Penghsuan Lee

Chun Lin

Yan Yin Tse

Raymond Cheung

青木有加

Bhalla Joshua

Ka Ling Wong

E-ling Chiu

Lin Chan

Silvia Lam

Po Lam Yip

Li Laiha

James Chan

Gregory Ma

Yen Wai Chung

Steve Tam

Elvin Chan

錢雲枝

余風

Ethan Chan

Chin Wai Leung

崔愫欣

Tango Beh

Bing Chen

Li Phoebe

Gloria Chan

Peter To

Matthew Lui

Wendy Lee

Yau Brandon

Fung Wa Chan

F L

Karl Wollaeger

許澤流

David Szutu

Yvonne Lo

Wu Mo Cheong Amos

Tina Tseng

Yi Kwan Cheung

K O Lam

Charmaine Chan

Frankie Cheung

Sukhvir Sandhu

KY Poon

Chiu Fan Wong

Roy Poon

Joseph Chow

Polly Fung

Rayne Yuen

Sandra Lo

Lui Po Chu

Cheng Jess

Ka Keung Fung

Lee Clifford

Sibyl Wong

Bonnie Chan

Yan Kit Woo

Alan Wong

Becky Yip

Eric Pun

Queenie Man

Federico Cappelletti

Cathy Sin Ping Wong

Gabriella Fruianu

Chian Eric

Mabel Tung

Norma Wong

Lawrence Pak

Vincent Kwun Leung Lee

Sally Mak

Tim Cheung

Joe Kwok

Hsiu-hsin Lin

Tsui Yee

Ha Lo

Jennifer Chau

Sharon Lambert

Zenghui Fan

Shira Lamb

William Chan

Terence Yiu

Ho Harry Hei Yin

Cecilia Yeung

Wing Yi Shih

Joyce Cheung

Jack Pun

Ming Wong

Ping Wong

Cathy Lung

Ching Wee Sze

Kwok-ying Lau

Wai Hung Leung

Thomas Chow

Lung-kuan Wang

Charles Fung

Lee Eling

Lee K S

Chris Lau

Leslie Rule

Yan Ho Lai

Jeffrey Fong

Farhan Noor

So Chong Ng

Gary Chan

Ming Ki Cheng

Stella Lee

Jack Young

Pang Hing Ting

Keith Tai

Chi Lin Ngan

Ho Yin Chow

Karen Blümcke

Cheung Wai Man

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Geoff Cheng

Daisy Chan

Pak Ming Fai

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Ellihcor Ebar

Chui Kwok

Huen Yee

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Yoyo Lam

Ken Lai

Lai King Fai

Woo Ka Lai

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Gilda Szeto

Christine Lee

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Yuen Fung Mak

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David Saunders

Tho Cha

David Chan

Law Saku

Sum Yip

Ann Wong

Eric Law

Ho Wun Chan

Angus Ma

Cannie Chan

SANDY逍遙

Carmen Yu

Gloria Lam

Lui Kit Ho

林詩涵

Rose Chan

Chung Yat Cheng

Kelvin Kwok

Douglas Tam

Sun Hsinhui

Hilary Ko

Lyla Gallagher

Ho Ting Lee

Kim Hoe Tee

Ashley Law

Veronica Ko

Jianhong Wang

Dan Lee

Angie Tabaculde Tubon

Louisa Wong

Amuro Lee

Chrisrina Liang

Yanki Kwok

Anders Hotspur

ManSum Chiu

Edmond Lam

Puiwa Lee

Ray Halpin

Raymond Chan

Ching Mui Choi

Edward Wong

William Tong

Fanny Wong

Yi Man Alexa Wong

SF Siu